Espresso - a one fluid ounce drink (double espresso is 2 fluid ounces) made by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans. This produces a smooth full-bodied coffee, topped with a hazelnut coloured ‘crema’. The crema comprises of thousands of microscopic oil bubbles giving a thick, foamy cream which can remain on the coffee for some minutes. Can be consumed as a straight shot or as the basis of many other espresso based drinks.
Cappuccino - made with a double espresso topped with hot steamed milk and foamed milk. The end result is a dense, clean white foam top that domes slightly out of the cup and is stained by the crema around its edges. The moist creamy foam accounts for about a third of the cup, with the espresso mixed with the more liquid milk underneath. This is topped with a sprinkle of real Belgian chocolate shavings.
Flat white - made
Caffé latte - made with a single espresso combined with steamed milk and topped with a small cap of milk foam. It has less foam than a cappuccino. The word latté is Italian for milk.
Mocha - made as a caffé latte (above) but with chocolate sauce added to the espresso before the milk is poured in. This is finished off with a sprinkle of chocolate shavings.
Americano - a double espresso is added to a cup, three-quarters full with hot water. This gives a 'long black' coffee with a crema on the top. Some people prefer to add milk.